The mid-1980s brought new impetus to the electric idea, which lasted until the beginning of the 1990s. Looking to the turn of the millennium, everything was going to be different. General Motors, for example, offered its General Motors EV1 (Electric Vehicle 1) from 1996 to 1999. The vehicle was a sporty electric coupé, and was only available for leasing. With this vehicle, GM reacted to legal air pollution control requirements on a federal level, primarily in the US state of California. Politicians in California ruled that from 1998 onwards, the introduction of electric vehicles would become mandatory. By the new millennium, electric vehicles were expected to reach a double-digit market share. Automotive manufacturers recharged their batteries and got back to developing vehicles to meet these demands.
In the 1980s, Europe already had many interesting electric vehicles. The Swiss designer Max Horlacher, for example, is still counted as a pioneer of lightweight construction. From the mid-1980s onwards, he developed more than a dozen electric vehicles made of light composite materials as well as mobile solar charging stations for the solar rally racing "Tour de Sol", which ran from Romanshorn to Geneva. In Germany, the modern Pöhlmann EL and the compact Hotzenblitz were produced from 1993 to 1996. The latter entered volume production and was sold to customers, in contrast to the Pöhlmann.
The three-wheeled MiniEl came from Denmark, and, following insolvency and a change in ownership, is sold today under the name CityEL.