For many travelers, poor road surfaces are not only uncomfortable, but trigger symptoms such as dizziness, nausea, or severe headaches. Kinetosis (more commonly known as motion sickness) occurs whenever the body is exposed to unfamiliar or uncontrolled movements. Autonomous driving can further exacerbate this effect. There is therefore great demand for technical solutions in vehicles.
Car drivers clearly fare worst in regards to the stress and strain of travel. However, public transportation also triggers stress through factors such as wait times and cancellations. Self-driving shuttles have the potential to reduce the level of stress for travelers by enabling them to use that time effectively.