Digitalization represents a new chapter in the history of industrialization. But it is accompanied by two other phenomena that have also accelerated dramatically, and without which digitalization would be impossible to imagine: globalization and urbanization.
At the end of the nineteenth century, London was the only city in the world with more than five million inhabitants. Nowadays, some 12 percent of the world’s population lives in 29 megacities, each with more than 10 million inhabitants. Since 2008, more people have been living in towns and cities than in the countryside. And a study by UN-Habitat – the United Nations Human Settlements Program – predicts that two thirds of Earth’s human population will live in cities by 2030.
Naturally enough, urbanization also has an impact on our mobility. The need to preserve air quality, as well as the quality of life in cities, is driving the transition to electrically powered transportation and increasing the pressure to develop more advanced electric vehicles. Routes are steadily becoming shorter – for logistics companies in particular. To deal with the growing urban demand, digital management systems are essential. By 2030, the number of cars on the world’s roads will nearly double. Without automation and networking, individual mobility in metropolitan areas will soon be inconceivable.