On future farms, sensors in the farmland will monitor moisture and other soil properties, while drones will track the condition of plants from the air. Based on such data, the required amount of irrigation, fertilizer, or pesticides can be determined precisely and applied selectively. The seed is distributed by a tractor equipped with smart assistance systems which, thanks to high-resolution maps, makes optimal use of the available arable land and precisely follows the calculated route. Meanwhile, farmers can concentrate on their actual tasks and monitor the sowing process.
All in all, such a networked system not only cuts down on costs for expensive raw materials, but also protects the environment. The Bavarian State Research Institute for Agriculture estimates that a digital farm consumes ten percent fewer herbicides and 20 percent less fuel.