E-Mobility Of Trains and Segways
E-mobility is not a new invention; it is already an inherent part of our daily routine. Here you can see how e-mobility accompanies us as a matter of course, provides new impetus, or breaks speed records.
The electric car is not a new invention. It experienced its first major success back in the 19th century. In 1899, it was an electric car that set the speed record of the time for a road vehicle at a speed of almost 106 km/h. Thanks to an increased range and their environmental friendliness, electric cars could soon re-assume dominance in the field of individual mobility.
One of the most popular e-mobility applications benefits bicycle riders. The most common example here is the Pedelec (Pedal Electric Cycle). Here, the motor is only activated when the pedals are moved and this is only the case for speeds of up to 25 km/h. However, the Pedelec is no different from the classical bicycle in the eyes of the law. No driver's license or vehicle insurance is needed to ride it.
They are now part of the cityscape in almost every large city: Segways with their long steering column, they look like scooters but the wheels are positioned next to each other. They are electrically-driven and primarily transport tourists who use them to zoom past attractions. In doing so, Segways use sensors to independently maintain balance, the rider steers by simply distributing their weight and can travel at speeds of up to 20 km/h. However, these electric vehicles are not yet suitable for the masses, which can be partially attributed to the high acquisition costs of approx. € 8 000.
E-mobility and rail vehicles often go hand-in-hand. Siemens presented the first electric locomotive at a trade exhibition in Berlin as far back as 1879. Today, electric energy powers the fastest train on the planet: a Japanese maglev train that travels at approx. 600 km/h. In contrast to the diesel locomotives, electric locomotives can be supplied with energy using overhead lines, meaning that they do not have to be refilled with fuel. With the same capacity, electric motors are also lighter than combustion engines.
The concerns of Prince Regent Luitpold of Bavaria about his hunting ground on the Königssee (Picture) is the reason behind electrified boat excursions. Electric boats have been traveling on the Bavarian lake since 1909. The electrification was made possible by the railway line which ran close to the lake as the boats were also able to dock to the power supply of this railway line. Battery mode, as seen on the Königssee, is one option of powering the boats. Other options include fuel cells or solar cells. Wind generators are also used on sailing boats. E-solutions are not only used on excursion boats. In 2015, the first battery-powered electric car ferry was used for the first time in Norway and hybrid-powered water taxis travel around Rotterdam. In the waters off Iceland, there is a sailing boat that generates energy using the ship screw propeller while sailing and uses electric power to move when the waters are calm. Its purpose: Whale watching. As was the case with Luitpold, the objective is to not startle any animals.
Pictures: Getty Images, Fotolia, Pictures Press