100 Years Motion and Mobility Global Group in Its Anniversary Year
Calendar year 2015 will herald the start of an important anniversary year for ZF: One hundred years ago, in 1915, "Zahnradfabrik GmbH" was founded. In an eventful history, ZF has seized its entrepreneurial opportunities and developed into a leading technology company in driveline and chassis technology.
In September 1915, "Zahnradfabrik GmbH" appeared for the first time in a trade register. Consequently, 2015 marks the 100th anniversary of the foundation of the ZF Group presenting an anniversary year for the company and its global network of about 72 000 employees. A reason to celebrate for the employees: All 122 ZF locations worldwide will be involved in the anniversary activities, thereby strengthening the common understanding for the long term. The Group can be optimistic about the future: ZF is currently facing the largest acquisition in the company's history: With the purchase of the US company TRW Automotive, ZF will join the top 3 in the global automotive supplier industry and thereby supplement its competency portfolio as well as its worldwide market presence in order to serve the global megatrends better.
In 1915, Zahnradfabrik GmbH is brought into the world in Friedrichshafen. Using a brand-new patented process, the company's gears and transmissions are precision-engineered to optimize the transfer of power between the engines and propellers of Zeppelin airships.
New and revolutionary for its time: the Soden transmission. The idea is to mount a user-friendly gear preselected on the steering wheel or dashboard; once selected, the gearshift is actuated by clutch.
Following a decision to standardize rather tan diversify - regarded as essential to ZF's future success - ZF develops the standard transmission.
ZF starts producing steering systems for automobiles after acquiring a license from U.S. firm Ross Gear & Tool company, Inc. In Indiana.
In 1937, ZF produces the A 12 tractor driveline, the first to be developed by ZF, combining a manual transmission and rear-wheel drive in a single modular unit. The A 12 general-purpose transmission is the starting point for a whole generation of tractor drivelines, with far-reaching significance for the company.
ZF introduces the 6-speed Media transmission. To change gear, the shift lever only needs to be pushed up or down.
Lotus racing cars are fitted with ZF's DS 10 transmission - a 5-speed-transmission with ZF's locking synchromesh.
ZF's first automatic transmission for cars, the newly developed 3 HP 12, goes into production, opening a new chapter in ZF's success story.
In 1983, the AV 130 portal axis is ready for series production. The design is ideal for building city buses with no steps in the aisle. This decade also sees the first electronic transmission control applications become ready for series production.
Opportunities used in an eventful history
A look at ZF's chronicles shows an eventful company history during which ZF developed from its roots as a supplier specialized on the aviation industry to a global mobility technology company – in spite of all the breakdowns and crises. Its founding at Lake Constance 100 years ago had its origins in Luftschiffbau Zeppelin GmbH, which was headquartered there at the time and which was also a shareholding partner of "Zahnradfabrik": The task of the newly founded company was to develop, test, and manufacture "gears and transmissions for aircraft, motor vehicles, and motor boats". Only few years later, ZF offered its technology to automotive manufacturers and became an important transmission supplier of this still young German industry. By using its own know-how and acquiring licenses, ZF enhanced its product portfolio: Steering systems for automobiles and commercial vehicles were added in the 1930s, as well as drive units for field tractors. However, before and during the Second World War, armament production dominated the three German ZF locations at the time. ZF also employed forced laborers in all plants. By the end of the war, their number rose to 2 800.
After the war ended, ZF began to produce its civilian products in 1946 – starting with field tractor transmissions and commercial vehicle transmissions. Its innovative strength helped the company enter new market segments, for example with the volume production of the first multi-ratio transmission for passenger cars in 1965. 50 years later, ZF has established itself as one of the technology leaders in this segment. In parallel with this, ZF began to expand its international presence with the early construction of a production location in Brazil in 1958. Shortly afterwards, ZF began producing locally with its own locations in the US (1979) and in China (1993). ZF also used expansions and corporate acquisitions as growth opportunities: In 1984, for instance, the company purchased the Lemförder Group, thereby entering the worldwide business of chassis components and later chassis systems for passenger cars and commercial vehicles. In 2001, driveline and chassis components for passenger cars and commercial vehicles followed with the former Mannesmann Sachs AG: Real net output ratio was increased and additional innovations were brought to the market. Today, these innovations are closely linked with the name "ZF," such as the adaptive damping system CDC (Continuous Damping Control) and the hybrid-technology.
Today's ZF portfolio includes driveline and chassis technology products such as transmissions, driveline and chassis components, as well as complete axle systems and modules. ZF technology is used in passenger cars, commercial vehicles, construction and agricultural machinery, rail vehicles, and marine applications. The company also focuses on the wind power and electronic components business.
Activities during the anniversary year
"ZF's history is an example of how to exploit entrepreneurial opportunities together," says ZF CEO Dr. Stefan Sommer. "All ZF employees can be proud of this – from the development as well as the production departments, from the domestic company parts that have always been a part of ZF or from a part that joined ZF later". Thus, ZF employees should have reason to celebrate this anniversary year – at all current locations around the world: ZF employees can share their own opinions on the anniversary year via an anniversary portal and exchange views. Family Days at the larger locations around the world will also include family members of the currently about 71 600 employees in the festivities. A traveling exhibition will get to the heart of ZF's history.
A special anniversary highlight awaits the ZF employees on July 4, 2015: The festival which will take place in front of the Zeppelin hangar in Friedrichshafen. All employees will receive free entry to performances by the hip-hop band "Die Fantastischen Vier" and the former "Reamonn" frontman Rea Garvey. The main ceremony in Friedrichshafen will take place on September 9, the day of the company's entry into the trade register at the Tettnang district court exactly 100 years ago. In the long term, the company history will have its place in the ZF forum: The new Corporate Headquarters at the Friedrichshafen location will provide space for permanent exhibits as well as exhibits with periodically changing themes. Access to these exhibits will be open to residents and interested parties alike.
Sustainable range of expertise
It is not only about the past, but also about the innovative culture and therefore the sustainability of the ZF Group. With its current product range, ZF is well prepared for the big trends of the future: from fuel efficiency and reduction of CO₂ emissions, lightweight design, electrification and networking, to autonomous driving. In this process, the Group enjoys a high degree of internationality and boasts a considerable global footprint with its 122 locations on four continents. Many of these megatrends are already being served by ZF with its production-ready technology, such as in plug-in hybrid transmissions for passenger cars. For others, ZF has presented studies and concepts over the past few years, such as the Innovation Truck recently at the 2014 International Motor Show. This truck is a long truck-trailer combination that can be remotely controlled by a tablet and outside the driver's cab thanks to ZF's networked maneuvering assistant.
Currently, ZF is planning to purchase the US automobile supplier TRW Automotive. A broad majority of TRW shareholders has approved the ZF offer. The union of the two companies under the ZF umbrella will create the third largest automotive supplier in the world during the ZF anniversary year, with a sales volume of over EUR 30 billion (US$ 41 billion) and about 138 000 employees. The ZF Group, supplemented by TRW, will then provide a comprehensive and complementary product portfolio in the areas of driveline and chassis technology, safety and electronic systems, and will have a regionally-balanced and customer-specific portfolio in both the volume and the premium segments, with a strong presence in the most important automobile markets of Western Europe, the USA, and Asia-Pacific.